Within South African Pentecostal circles has emerged a movement of variegated streams, named in this study as the Apostolic Movement (AM). Proponents of this movement call for a return to the β€˜apostolicity of the church.’ The AM draws attention to the nature, hierarchical structure and mission of the church, introducing β€˜new’ and contrasting perspectives to those traditionally held by Pentecostal churches.

This study focuses on the history of Apostolicity in the AM streams that have emerged and developed through three periods: the 1980s, 1990s and 2000s. While there are several other streams in the AM, this study has a specific focus on the following South African AM groups: New Covenant Ministries International (NCMI), Grace International (GI), Congress World Breakthrough Network (C-WBN), International Strategic Alliance of Apostolic Churches (ISAAC) and Judah Kingdom Alliance (JKA).